اثر تغییرات ساختار اقتصادی بر نابرابری درآمدی در ایران،1393-1360

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه اقتصاد‌ دانشگاه بوعلی ‌سینا،همدان

2 کارشناس ‌ارشد توسعه ‌اقتصادی و برنامه ‌ریزی دانشگاه بوعلی ‌سینا،همدان

چکیده

تغییر ساختار اقتصادی به تغییری طولانی‌مدت در ساختار اساسی اقتصادکه اغلب به رشد و توسعه اقتصادی و بهبود توزیع درآمد مرتبط است، اشاره دارد. در کشور‌های در حال‌توسعه، تغییرات ساختاری به منظور بالا بردن استانداردهای زندگی و کاهش فقر ضروری به‌نظر می­رسد. تحول ساختاری در طول گذار از اقتصاد کشاورزی روستایی کم درآمد به اقتصاد شهری صنعتی با درآمد سرانه بالاتر قابل ملاحظه است. در کشور‌های در حال‌توسعه، تغییرات ساختاری به منظور بهبود توزیع درآمد و کاهش فقر مطلق ضروری به‌نظر می­رسد. در این پژوهش، رابطه بین تغییرات ساختاری و توزیع درآمد در ایران برای دوره سالهای 93-1360 بررسی می­شود. شاخص ترکیبی تغییر ساختاری با به‌کارگیری تکنیک‌های تحلیل چند متغیره مؤلفه‌های اصلی از میان متغیرهای ساختاری اولیه استخراج‌، و مدل این پژوهش بر اساس یک تابع کاب- داگلاس بنا ‌شده‌است. روش تخمین الگو، با بهره‌گیری از مباحث هممجعی و مدل خودرگرسیون با وقفه‌های توزیعی (ARDL) می باشد .نتایج پژوهش گویای این است که تغییرات ساختار اقتصادی بر توزیع درآمد اثر مثبت و معناداری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Economic Effect of Structural Change on Income Inequality in Iran during 1981-2014

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Hasan Fotros 1
  • Marzieh Rasuli 2
1 Professor of Economics at Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan
2 Master's degree in Economic Development and Planning at Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan
چکیده [English]

Structural change is a long term economic change in the basic structure of an economy that is often related to economic growth and improvement in income distribution. Structural change in developing countries is supposed to raise living standards and to reduce poverty. Structural change might cause a considerable transition from low-income rural agricultural economy to an industrial urban economy with higher per capita income. So, in developing countries, structural change is expected to improve income distribution and alleviate absolute poverty. This research aims to study the relationship between structural change and income distribution in Iran for the period 1981-2014. Using principal components analysis, a composite index for structural change is constructed from primary structural variables. The model of this study is based on a Cobb-Douglas production function. This model is estimated by using co-integration approach and autoregressive distributed lags (ADRL) method. Results suggest that change in economic structure has significant positive effect on income distribution.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Structural Change
  • Income Inequality
  • Principal Components
  • Iran
  • ARDL

 

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