عنوان مقاله [English]
Tourism and its economic activities have become one of the sources of growth and sustainable employment in many parts of the world and has a large share of global income. This industry is one of the largest industries in the world which plays an important role in the economy of the countries and it is widely acknowledged by many researchers as the driving force behind economic growth and development.
Identifying the economic factors affecting the entry of foreign tourists can help policymakers to improve or maintain their status. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the economic factors affecting tourism demand in selected countries of the Middle East during the period of 2000-2013 by spatial econometrics panel data Approach. The results of this study indicate that exchange rate, percapita income and economic freedom had a positive and significant effect on tourism demand, but the effect of inflation on tourism demand has been negative and significant. Also, other results of this study show that the spatial proximity between the studied countries on the tourism demand is significant, in other words, geographical distance has been a major factor in tourism demand.